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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 14, 2015 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. >> build a solid foundation and you can connect humidity is for centuries. that is the strength behind good banking relations, too which is why at mufg we believe that
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financial partnership shouldn't door the test of time. because with time comes change, but what matters in the end is that you are strong enough to support it. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." anchor: this is "bbc world news america." abandon at sea, many of these migrants fled persecution. now they are in a desperate struggle to survive. >> they need help, they need it now. they will need medical treatment and plenty of food and water. anchor: more fighting on the streets of burundi, where the president has returned home one day after an attempted coup. and where art and politics collide.
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for decades, they had been channeling viewers and attracting protest. ♪ anchor: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. in the heat of the asian summer, thousands of migrants are drifting at sea with almost no water or food. the people are crowded into wooden boats. they got stuck on the ocean after regional powers close to their ports to them. the bbc track down one of the boats. reporter: as we approach the stricken vessel, signs of desperation and distress carry across the water. we heard there were boats packed with migrants out here on the sea, but finding them was a real challenge. finally, we tracked one down. this is incredible.
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we have heard about this boat for the last 5, 6 days. they have been adrift. they told people on the boat they have no food or water and they are in terrible shape begging for help. they have had no help for close to a week. there are men and women and children on board. they have been at sea close to three months, begging for help. and we think there are many more like them at the sea at the moment. this 15-year-old shouted his story from the stern. they had been abandoned by the crew six days ago, he told us, the engine no longer working properly. these people are from myanmar. refugees from their own country they are not wanted anywhere else either. the thai navy is offering to
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happen to find other lost boats, but will they let them stay. in the past, they have simply push them back out to sea. a hard-line approach shared by neighboring countries. we still have no idea what will become of these people. we threw them everything we had. after so long at sea, they need a lot more. they need proper shelter medical care, and somewhere to call home. jonathan head, bbc news, southern thailand. anchor: drifting at sea for weeks, desperate scenes. a british navy ship has arrived in sicily after rescuing some 600 african migrants. they were picked up trying to sail from libya to europe. james reynolds was on shore for their arrival.
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james: the ship carried its cargo of rescued migrants a low deck into the sicilian ports. these people are making their way to shore. they have been saved because britain and europe have been compelled to restart widespread search and rescue missions. which country did you come from? somalia? and how are you now, ok? this person is eight months pregnant. she left her 10-year-old daughter behind in nigeria. the boat trip was too risky for a child. what was it like when you saw the british people coming to save you? >> i was happy. i was relieved. james: how does it feel now that you are in europe, alive? >> i'm happy. james: britain may be prepared
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to rescue migrants at sea, but the government fears that allowing the people who are rescue to move to britain would only encourage more migrants to attempt the dangerous trip across the mediterranean. for now, the migrants will have to fight for space in italy. here, they jostle for new errors of shoes and socks. they will prepare for their next stage of the journey to the rest of europe. anchor: similar scenes in asia and europe. tonight, the president of burundi is back in his country one day after attempted coup. he said, i am in burundi. i congratulate the police and the military for their patriotism and the citizens for their patients, but the situation is more tense than that suggests, with fighting continuing between his supporters and those who want him out. we have the latest from burundi.
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you may find the parts of this report distressing. reporter: the day began with more fighting, people running for their lives. soldiers tried to seize control of the state broadcaster. on the streets, few dared to venture out. >> every time you listen to guns, everywhere guns. we don't know what is happening. i found somebody in the road. then we barricaded because we don't know what is going to happen. we cannot get news. reporter: we made our way to the national television center. we witnessed the ferocity of the fighting. at least five soldiers were killed. supporters of the attempted coup. loyalists said that 60 people surrendered. there have been clashes much of the day between soldiers loyal to the president and soldiers who support the attempted military coup. here next to the national
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broadcaster, loyalist soldiers say they are in control. the president was attending a heads of state summit in tanzania when the coup against him was staged. it followed weeks of protests against his bid for a third term in office. a general, a former head of intelligence, said he was acting to restore validity to the country and protect its institution. but today, loyalist forces seem to have the upper hand. >> the loyalist elements control all the strategic points of burundi, the airport, the national radio, the president's office. now the mutineers every treated. reporter: the president now says he has returned to the capital and has thanked the army and the police for their patriotism. and he is coming home to a very restless country.
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anchor: president obama's hosting leaders of the gulf cooperation council at the presidential retreat at camp david, trying to reassure the gulf dignitaries that u.s. negotiations with iran do not offer america's long-term -- do not change america's long-term commitment to its allies in the region. president obama: the discussions we had today were candid, they were extensive. we discussed not only the iranian nuclear deal and the potential for us to ensure that iran is not obtaining a nuclear weapon and triggering a nuclear arms race in the region, but we also discussed our concerns about iran's destabilizing activities in the region and pledged cooperation around how we can address those in a cooperative fashion even as we
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hope that we can achieve the kind of peace and good neighborliness with iran that i think so many of the countries seek. anchor: president obama at camp david. for more on the talks, i am joined by our reporter. i heard president obama say that we are sure that we are committed to them. how important is it for the americans to let the arab states know that we are on your side at the moment? reporter: it's important for the americans to let the arabs know they are on their side but it's also important for the americans to at least get some acquiescence from the arabs for the nuclear deal. i think he statement does both those things. you have strong security commitments stated in a non-bonding way. the u.s. will use all allotments of its power to determine her -- to deter this, including potential military force.
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you also have a statement worth is a comprehensive and verifiable deal on iran's nuclear program is in the security interest of the member states as well as the united states. at least this will help make president obama's task easier when he goes to congress of all the allies, arabs and the israel , are saying they do not want this. anchor: what are you hiring from the white house about how these leaders from camp david are? reporter: they are giving it a positive's then. the king from saudi arabia did not come. there sang it was not a snub, he had other things to do that were more important. they are saying that the people who were necessary for this are here, but there is no doubt the europe countries are uneasy about president obama's middle
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east politics, particularly this iran deal. although we have a strong statement of unity, there are different views of how much of a threat iran is. i think that will continue to play out over the next months and years. anchor: thank you. one of the issues discussed was the threat posed by the islamic state and how it should be addressed. coinciding with the summit i.s. released an audio message in which he calls on militants to take up arms on behalf of the group. the threat posed by i.s. is one of the topics covered in "the great war" a new book. i wanted to start by asking about this tape that has come from our back daddy -- al-baghdadi in which he seems to be calling young muslims to come for jihad. how effective is this recruitment?
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guest: as far as we know they are still very effective. there has been almost no slowdown in the number of foreign fighters from around the world to join isis or the al qaeda group in syria, to fight for one of the two groups. anchor: they are not just recruiting individuals, they seemed to be garnering support from other organizations. how concerned about that are you? guest: a number of local extremist groups in libya, egypt, tunisia, even afghanistan say we are now with isis. that is dangerous from a couple perspectives. one is that isis is more hard-core in terms of what they are willing to do for their cause, so you wonder over time if some of these local groups will take up these tendencies, beheadings, for example. the other problem is the more isis is called, the more likely they are to attack western
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embassies, western businesses, rather than local targets. anchor: are your colleagues at the cia, former colleagues more concerned today about al qaeda or about the islamic state? guest: i put them together. because their objectives are the same. their long-term objectives are the same. the only reason isis is not part of al qaeda is because it does not want to be bossed around by their leader. i think there are three al qaeda groups. they pose a direct threat to western europe and the united states today. isis is not one of those. those three groups are al qaeda in the arabian peninsula and yemen, the group that is part of aldo stretton syria, and the al qaeda senior leadership in south asia. all three is a direct threat. all three are capable of bringing down, in my mind, an airliner in western europe or
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the united states tomorrow. i think most of our citizens would be surprised by that. i would not. the islamic state is a longer-term threat. the longer they have save haven in iraq in syria, the more capabilities they develop to reach out and direct extremists to attack us in western europe and the united states. right now they only have the ability to self radicalize people, mont wharves, but given time they will be able to direct attacks. anchor: the president at the moment is meeting leaders at the gulf state countries. how convinced are you that america's traditional allies in the region, saudi arabia, the united arab emirates, qatar, are as committed to fighting the islamic state as you would want them to be? guest: that is a great question because they are more worried about the threat they see from iran and the challenge they see from iran than they are al qaeda
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and isis. they believe they are capable of dealing with al qaeda and isis in the short to medium term. they fear iran over the long-term. they see iran, as i do, they want to be the power of the middle east. they see an iran that wants to reestablish the persian empire and they're very worried about that. they want 100% american support, and they feel they're not getting it. so there is tension there. anchor: thank you very much for coming in. guest: it's great to be with you, thank you. anchor: syria's head of antiquities has warned of a catastrophe if the islamic state militants in syria sees one of the greatest archaeological sites in the middle east. the jihadists a reported to have overrun villages near the site and executed 20 civilians. they have previously destroyed other significant archaeology goal sites in iraq.
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the engineer of the speeding amtrak train that derailed in philadelphia has said he has no recollection of that crash. the lawyers for the 32-year-old say that he suffered a concussion. fire officials say that an eighth body was recovered in the rubble. the amtrak train was traveling at more than twice the safe speed limit when it derailed. still to come -- superbugs are a global threat. medical experts are sounding the alarm that new antibiotics need to be developed. in nepal, at least 96 people are known to have died in tuesday's earthquake. the disaster which came less than three weeks after another major quake left more than 2000 people injured. the search is continuing for a u.s. marine helicopter that went missing during the relief mission. across nepal, many live in temporary shelters. we have this report from kathmandu. reporter: tent cities have
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sprung up across kathmandu. in the weeks that followed the first earthquake, people had begun to go inside their homes. earlier this week, there were only a few tents but after tuesday's massive earthquake this place is almost full of again. some of these peoples homes have been damaged, others are too scared to go indoors, given what they have seen two major earthquakes causing massive devastation and loss of life. >> the earthquake is coming, so we are still not decided that it's safe to go home or not. how long we have to be here in the open, we cannot say. reporter: this is the situation in so many parts of nepal. hundreds of thousands of people are living out in the open.
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tuesday's earthquake caused a massive devastation in the eastern district. relief rescue teams are stretched thin, and the task is more difficult now because there have been first landslides. uncertainty and despair hangs over nepal. nobody quite knows when it's going to end. anchor: the indian prime minister has begun a 3-d visit -- three-day visit to china aimed at boosting economic cooperation between the countries. he tweeted pictures of himself visiting the terra-cotta warrior exhibition. he is to visit president changing paying -- shi ping. a stark warning from medical experts over the need for new antibiotics. they say the less new drugs developed, the more certain that superbugs could kill millions in the coming decades. that is because drug resistant strains of bacteria could make
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existing antibiotics useless. our medical correspondent has more. reporter: in the global war on superbugs, this hospital march the front lines. 60,000 newborns per year in india die from drug-resistant infections. 18 about it after another has failed. >> i feel they will all die without it. it make me feel frustrated because the drugs that used to work, they have stopped working. reporter: with a population of 1.25 billion, more active bionics in india are use than anywhere else. but a commendation of poor sanitation and widespread misuse of those drugs make it a perfect setting for the rise of superbugs. it is not just india. the world has overused antibiotics for decades and now
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the antibiotic pipeline is running dry. partly because many companies have about of area as profits are uncertain. an independent review proposes an innovation fund to boost research and profit guarantees for those delivering vital new antibiotics. >> it's critical that the pharmaceutical industry players take bigger initiatives on this. they are the ones in the past two f produce these things, so we have to have incentives or rewards to change their minds. reporter: in the united states, researchers in boston have made with some believe is a game changing discovery from a surprising source. they have identified 25 potential new antibiotics from soil microbes, including one that has proved highly effective in animal trials. >> it is going to be basically
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very useful to treat staph infections. that is one of the superbugs. reporter: could there be thousands more antibiotics out there in the soil waiting to be discovered? >> there is no doubt in my mind that is the case. reporter: caution is needed. human trials have yet to start and many promising drugs fail at that stage. but it could at least be part of the solution, helping to ensure the next generation of antibiotics will be there when needed. anchor: for the u.k. artist it is the protest movement that has inspired his work. over the decades his photo montages have been a depiction of his political views. a current show has opened at the london imperial war museum. he spoke about the pieces in the collection. ♪
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>> i was working art school and they had a skeleton. in the late 1970's, early 1980's, the government told you what to do in the event of a nuclear attack. >> you and your family must take cover. >> things like take down your curtains because they might set on fire. extraordinary and mad things. and in the last part is, when the all clear is sound, you may resume normal activities. it was a completely serial document. this is one of the paintings that i did in the early 1970's. a mixture of images from america to soldiers in vietnam to a soldier holding a prisoner.
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i'm juxtaposing all the elements. the graphic marks gave you a feeling of the event. ♪ the image on the left is of a bullet being loaded. the image on the right is a demonstrator against the british army in northern ireland. it becomes a general image about violence. that is what i always wanted to do not just make something that existed for that time. i just found when i was 13, 14, i really wanted to paint and make art and it became an up session and has been ever sense. here i want to show the whole planet. people think that you go to an art gallery to escape reality. if you go in and find images of someone thinking about reality
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people connect to that. in the late 1970's, early 1980's, i went to the missile department. i bought one and smashed it with a hammer and then photograph that -- and then photographed that. in the mid-1990's, i want to stop doing straight montages. some stockbrokers thought it was special art for stockbrokers. the idea of these things is to create a debate around it. this was done in 1995. in 2008, we had the financial meltdown. horribly, these things come around all the time. anchor: what powerful protest art. that is on exhibition in london. that brings the program to a
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close. remember, of course, you can find much of the days news on our website. you can also find us on twitter. from all of us here at "world news america," thank you for watching. do tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. >> they say that the oldest treats bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we've believed in
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nurturing banking relationships for centuries, because strong financial partnerships are best cultivated for the years to come, giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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coming up next on odd squad... tube access denied! o'brian is tube-blocking you! this is ridiculous! i need to use the tube! otto is out there all alone! (shouts) where are you? - odd squad is made possible in part by... - ...a cooperative agreement with the u.s. department of education, the corporation for public broadcasting's ready to learn grant and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. my name is agent olive. this is my partner, agent otto. this is my lucky basketball. but back to otto and me. we work for an organization run by kids that investigates anything strange, weird... and especially odd. our job is to put things right again. [♪]
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[♪] olive: who do we work for? we work for odd squad. [distant thunder] [sigh] hey, olive - don't say it. i was just gonna say that - i know that we haven't had a case yet today. don't. if you say it, ms. o will give us one. what? that's ridiculous. try it. hey olive isn't it kind of weird we haven't had a case yet today? you two! in my office! i have a case for you. whoa! told you. ms. o: we've got reports of time-travelling laser chickens in the park. over here, people!
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[loud explosions] otto: they look really angry. you try travelling through time and space looking for a homeland while being chased by morlocks... i may know a bit about them. as long as you follow olive's lead and do exactly what she says, you'll be fine. well, what are you waiting for? go! [beeping] o'brian send us to the park. preparing to squishinate! squishinating! what happened? sorry, olive, it looks like your tube is broken. oh, okay. i'll just use this one. preparing to squishinate! squishinating!


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